Niger: Self-Sufficiency and Economic Hardship

Nigerien President Mamadou Tandja, facing political isolation by his neighbors and the international community, has called on his countrymen to brace for “sacrifices.” The Economic Community of West African States has urged Tandja to accept a power-sharing deal, but negotiations have borne little fruit thus far. With politics deadlocked, we’re starting to see what Nigerien self-sufficiency will mean, and what sacrifices it will entail.

Zinder, Niger

In some areas, the state in Niamey is making a credible bid to go it alone. New generators will make Niger less dependent on neighboring Nigeria for electricity, and Chinese firms are still investing in the country’s uranium.

But for much of the country, the outlook is grim.

More than half of the population of Niger will go without food at some point this year, according to a leaked official survey contradicting public assurances by the government of the poor West African state.

About 7.8 million people in the desert nation of 15 million will face food insecurity — a term that covers stages from missing meals to malnutrition and famine — according to a report in Le Canard Enchaine, one of the country’s newspapers.

“These figures are the same as those found by our survey,” an official involved in the study told Reuters on Wednesday, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Food security is a politically sensitive subject in uranium-exporting Niger, which suffered severe shortages in 2005 affecting 4 million people.

The government resisted foreign help and denied there was a famine until media coverage attracted international attention.

The Famine Early Warning System also predicts food shortages in Niger, IRIN reports.

I have said before that I do not believe Tandja is unwilling to cede any substantial amount of power. But if economic conditions change, leaving half his people starving, the political conditions will change too. The pressure on him to alter his course could become too intense to resist. In the meantime, it looks like the sacrifices Nigeriens endure will be very costly indeed.

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4 thoughts on “Niger: Self-Sufficiency and Economic Hardship

  1. A nice tie up of a number of processes. The full FEWS report, which takes into account ECOWAS measures, is worth a read. It’s probably the best summary I’ve seen in English on the economic calendar of Nigerien rural society: the cycle of rain, crops, periodic hunger, and traveling to work which makes up the life of the vast majority of the Nigerien people.

    http://www.fews.net/pages/country.aspx?gb=ne&l=en

    Tamtam.info just republished a piece in Niamey’s L’Actualite that sums up nicely where the international pressure on Tandja is: ” Yar Adua malade, un répit pour Tandja”. A successful, constitutional end to the Nigeria crisis will likely put Niamey back on the front burner, especially if Guinea continues to progress in a more or less acceptable fashion (for the international community). Should the likely spike in malnutrition (and millet prices) bring us a reprise of 2005, I would imagine more isolation, not less. Tandja has already ejected MSF from the nation, the Peace Corps is still under security suspension. Should children and others begin starving this April-July in more than normal numbers, we may never know about it. Sadly.

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