|Mauritania||2005||Yes||Maaouya Ould al-Taya, dictator |
in power since 1984 coup
|20-month transition to a |
with an elected president
who had not been a member of the junta
|Mauritania||2008||Yes||Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, civilian president elected in 2007||12-month transition to a civilian administration with an elected president who had been the junta’s leader|
|Niger||2010||Yes||Mamadou Tandja, civilian president elected in 1999, but who engineered an extra-constitutional third term in 2009||14-month transition to a civilian administration with an elected president who had not been a member of the junta|
|Mali||2012||Yes||Amadou Toumani Touré, civilian president elected in 2002||3-week transition to civilian-led transitional government, 17-month transition to elected civilian president|
|Burkina Faso||2014||Depends on definitions; came amid a popular revolution||Blaise Compaoré, dictator who came to power in a 1987 coup||14-month transition to a civilian administration with an elected president who had not been a member of the junta|
|Burkina Faso||2015||Yes||Michel Kafando and Isaac Zida, who came to power as transitional authorities after 2014 revolution (Note: Zida participated in 2014 possible coup)||6-day power struggle and reversal of the coup|
|Mali||2020||Yes||Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, civilian president elected in 2013||TBD|
I made the above table while working on a separate piece trying to place Mali’s coup, and the international reaction to it, into a wider context. Hopefully the table is relatively self-explanatory, and hopefully it will be useful to those considering historical precedents and contrasts for what is happening now. The one item perhaps not self-explanatory is how to categorize what happened in Burkina Faso in 2014. Clearly there was a popular revolution; the question is whether a military coup occurred in the closing stages of that drama. Here is some contemporaneous reporting about the immediate circumstances and aftermath of Blaise Compaoré’s resignation, and what appeared to be a power struggle between the Army’s General Honoré Traoré and the Presidential Security Regiment’s Colonel Isaac Zida.
We could make the table significantly more complex – adding the ranks of the junta leaders, etc. But I wanted to keep it relatively simple. Perhaps I will revisit it in a future post.